11.2.5. Freelite and Hevylite are independent tumour markers

Chapter 11

Intact immunoglobulins (and therefore Hevylite measurements) and FLCs are independent tumour markers. For example, a plot of IgGκ HLC vs. κ sFLC concentrations for 170 IgGκ MM patients showed no correlation between the two parameters (Figure 11.2). This important point is discussed further in Section 17.2.